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Facts about Water

  • Although water covers 70% of Earth's surface, water represents only 0.07% of the mass of Earth and about 0.4% of the Earth's volume.
  • From the   332.5 million cubic miles of water in the world, 96.5% of which is   water.
  • Of the 11.6 million cubic mile of sea water instead, mostly stuck in a perpetual ice and snow mountain in two poles.
  • Water is available to all people in the world and the hereafter, only an estimated 2.5 million cubic miles, even this is not all easily accessible due partly to be deep in the ground or in lakes and rivers that are far away from the center of human civilization.
  • Unlike the transportation of oil that is still economically channeled through tank cars and expensive pipes, channeling water through the pipes and tank trucks melonjakkan water prices become unaffordable for most inhabitants of the earth.
  • Additional natural water reservoirs such as lakes and rivers of the world continues to shrink capacity. One of the largest freshwater lake in the world Aral Sea is now only 10% of the original and is expected to refine less than ten years to come. Jordan river discharge is now a 2% of the initial discharge in history.
  • Of 6.13 million km2 of mainland Africa, 34% of them (3.6 million km2) is water-prone areas and 21% of them (2.9 million km2 or 23 times the size of the island of Java!) is an area that is very prone to water.
  • Currently there are about 40% of the world's population who do not have or have less access to clean water. This percentage will increase to 50% by 2025 - about 12 years from now.
  • The impact of reduced water supply, about 50% of hospital bed-hospital world is now populated by people who are sick because of the water or the so-called water-borne diseases .
  • Unlike the oil crisis - where people can look for energy instead of oil, water crisis should not happen because there is no substitute for water!
  • Population earth today there are around 7 billion and will grow about 50% is in four decades to come.The need for clean water is now already in trouble - would be more problematic if we do not begin to do for our children future.
  • So far there are only three ways to secure the water supply that we need today and for our children and grandchildren later, by conservation, recycling and desalination.
  • Conservation we can all get involved with frugality in the use of water, making infiltration wells, planting trees etc. that support water infiltration.
  •  Recycling necessary capital so instasi government agencies and private-must be encouraged to do a lot.
  • Desalination ie convert sea water into fresh water so far is an expensive process for a new economical on a large scale. Currently in the world there are about 14.500 installations desalinsai sea water with a total production capacity of about 60 million m3 / day. This new capacity represents approximately 0.25% of the fresh water needs of the population of the earth.
  • With the myriad of problems concerning water, according to the World Bank's " War of the 21st century is a war to fight the water! ".

20 Interesting and Useful Water Facts

  1. Roughly 70 percent of an adult's body is made up of water.
  2. At birth, water accounts for approximately 80 percent of an infant’s body weight.
  3. A healthy person can drink about three gallons (48 cups) of water per day.
  4. Drinking too much water too quickly can lead to water intoxication. Water intoxication occurs when water dilutes the sodium level in the bloodstream and causes an imbalance of water in the brain.
  5. Water intoxication is most likely to occur during periods of intense athletic performance.
  6. While the daily recommended amount of water is eight cups per day, not all of this water must be consumed in the liquid form. Nearly every food or drink item provides some water to the body.
  7. Soft drinks, coffee, and tea, while made up almost entirely of water, also contain caffeine. Caffeine can act as a mild diuretic, preventing water from traveling to necessary locations in the body.
  8. Pure water (solely hydrogen and oxygen atoms) has a neutral pH of 7, which is neither acidic nor basic.
  9. Water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. Wherever it travels, water carries chemicals, minerals, and nutrients with it.
  10. Somewhere between 70 and 75 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water.
  11. Much more fresh water is stored under the ground in aquifers than on the earth’s surface.
  12. The earth is a closed system, similar to a terrarium, meaning that it rarely loses or gains extra matter. The same water that existed on the earth millions of years ago is still present today.
  13. The total amount of water on the earth is about 326 million cubic miles of water.
  14. Of all the water on the earth, humans can used only about three tenths of a percent of this water. Such usable water is found in groundwater aquifers, rivers, and freshwater lakes.
  15. The United States uses about 346,000 million gallons of fresh water every day.
  16. The United States uses nearly 80 percent of its water for irrigation and thermoelectric power.
  17. The average person in the United States uses anywhere from 80-100 gallons of water per day. Flushing the toilet actually takes up the largest amount of this water.
  18. Approximately 85 percent of U.S. residents receive their water from public water facilities. The remaining 15 percent supply their own water from private wells or other sources.
  19. By the time a person feels thirsty, his or her body has lost over 1 percent of its total water amount.
  20. The weight a person loses directly after intense physical activity is weight from water, not fat.

10 Reasons to Drink Water

  1. Water is absolutely essential to the human body’s survival. A person can live for about a month without food, but only about a week without water.
  2. Water helps to maintain healthy body weight by increasing metabolism and regulating appetite.
  3. Water leads to increased energy levels. The most common cause of daytime fatigue is actually mild dehydration.
  4. Drinking adequate amounts of water can decrease the risk of certain types of cancers, including colon cancer, bladder cancer, and breast cancer.
  5. For a majority of sufferers, drinking water can significantly reduce joint and/or back pain.
  6. Water leads to overall greater health by flushing out wastes and bacteria that can cause disease.
  7. Water can prevent and alleviate headaches.
  8. Water naturally moisturizes skin and ensures proper cellular formation underneath layers of skin to give it a healthy, glowing appearance.
  9. Water aids in the digestion process and prevents constipation.
  10. Water is the primary mode of transportation for all nutrients in the body and is essential for proper circulation.

10 Reasons to Use a Water Filter

  1. In order to capitalize on the health benefits of water, it is essential to draw from a clean source of water.
  2. Drinking impure, contaminated water is the leading cause of epidemic disease in developing countries.
  3. There are more than 2100 known drinking water contaminants that may be present in tap water, including several known poisons.
  4. Bottled water does not offer a viable alternative to tap water.
  5. Municipal water treatment facilities cannot always control for the outbreak of dangerous bacterial contaminants in tap water.
  6. The only way to ensure pure, contaminant-free drinking water is through the use of a point-of-use filtration system.
  7. Several types of cancer can be attributed to the presence of toxic materials in drinking water.
  8. Clean, healthy drinking water is essential to a child’s proper mental and physical development.
  9. According to the EPA, lead in drinking water contributes to 480,000 cases of learning disorders in children each year in the United States alone.
  10. It is especially important for pregnant women to drink pure water as lead in drinking water can cause severe birth defects.

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